Rosa canina (Dog Rose)
Description: By far the most common wild rose in England this attractive white flowered rose climbs other plants using its barbed hooks and is often found in hedges, scrubby or disturbed areas. The fruits are vibrant red ovals called hips with each hip containing hairy seeds.
Uses: Pound for pound the flesh of a rosehip had more vitamin C than a lemon and has often been made into a syrup and eaten. Tis happened especially during both world wars. Rose hip oil is a popular skin care product and the hairy seeds are an irritant that has been used to make itching powder.
Conservation Value: The flower of the Dog Rose is an important source of nectar for insects and the hips are eaten by various birds including Blackbirds and Waxwing.
Preferred Locations: This species can be found throughout many habitats and most soil types though it does avoid very acidic area. It can grow in full sun or in semi shade and can tolerate occasional dampness but not permanently wet locations.
Size: Can grow up to 3m if supported but tends to spread lengthways through other plants.