Cornus sanguinea (Dogwood) 

Other Names: Common Dogwood, Bloody Dogwood 
 
Description: This relatively small deciduous shrub is locally common in woods, scrub and hedgerows but is often understated until the winter months when it bursts into colour with its distinctive red stems. This species suckers easily and spread into dense stands. It is often found in hedges where it climbs over a through other species, binding the hedge together. 
 
Uses: There is no true commercial value to Dogwood. Its bark contains tannins which have been used in traditional medicine. 
 
Conservation Value: The leaves are eaten by several moths including the case-bearer moth and the flowers are used by several insects. The fruits are eaten by many birds and small mammals and the general shape of the bushes offers good cover. 
 
Preferred Locations: Chalk, clay or limestone but certainly does best on alkaline soils. It tends to prefer damp areas with full sun coverage. 
 
Size: Mature trees can reach up to 10m in height but a dense stand usually reaches around 1.5m to 2.5m with an average 1.5m to 2.5m canopy spread. 
 
Time to reach full height: 5 to 10 years. 
 
Lifespan: 20 to 50 years. 
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