Sorbus aucuparia (Rowan) 

Other Names: Mountain Ash, Rowen-berry, Quickbeam, European Mountain Ash 
 
Description: Rowans trees are small in size and often have a rounded crown. They have a smooth grey-silver bark and the buds on each twig are always hairy. The leaves are long, oval and toothed and “Pinnate” (like a feather). Flowers are I large creamy white clusters which, after pollination turn into vivid scarlet bunches of berries. However it is common for the berries to be coloured from yellow, through orange and into dark red. It is common in open woodlands, hedges, heaths and rocky places though it is often planted as an ornamental tree for its beauty. 
 
Uses: The wood is a pale brown colour with a darker brown heartwood. It is strong hard and tough not very durable. It is sometimes used in wood turning, craftwork, engraving and furniture. The berries are edible though bitter on their own but they are rich in vitamin C and can make an excellent jelly. 
 
Conservation Value: The leaves are a food source for several moths including the larger welsh wave and the autumn green carpet. The flowers are a source of nectar for many insects and the berries are an invaluable source of late autumn berries for many species of bird. 
 
Preferred Locations: This species favours acid soils of clays, sands and loams and thrives in both full and partial shade. 
 
Size: Up to 15m in height and with a canopy spread of between 4 and 8m. 
 
Time to reach full height: 20 to 50 years 
 
Lifespan: Up to 200 years 
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