Pinus sylvestris (Scots Pine)
Other Names: Riga Pine, Baltic Pine, Norway Pine, Mongolian Pine, Scot Fir
Description: Grown abundantly in its Caledonian heartland but now spread throughout Britain this slow growing evergreen trees is grown primarily for timber production and is often found on heaths and bogs. Mature trees have relatively short paired needles (two growing from the same point).The canopy of this species is often flat topped, as apposed to the more common triangular shape of most conifers. The bark on the lower trunk is scaley and dark brown-grey while on the upper trunk it is more of a flaky orange-brown.
Uses: The Scots Pine is an important tree in commercial forestry where the wood is used for pulping or making timber products.
Conservation Value: Like most conifers, this species is not as valuable to conservation as most broadleaf species. It can offer year round cover in woodlands and it seeds are eaten by birds and small mammals.
Preferred Locations: This species favours stony and sandy soils which are generally well drained. Full sun locations are ideal to speed its growth.
Size: Can grow up to 35m in height and have up to a 3m canopy spread.
Time to reach full height: 20 to 50 years.
Lifespan: Commercially felled usually between 50 and 120 years with an average lifespan of between 150 and 300 years.